Glossop’s fortunes have historically been tied to the cotton industry, having specialized in the late 18th century and afterwards in the production and printing of calico. Glossop was first settled in 78 A.D. by the Romans. Glossop began to develop during the Industrial Revolution with the construction of mills to process wool and cotton. By 1831, there were at least 30 mills in the Glossop area. Later in that century industrialization continued with the construction of mills to process wood pulp into paper and mills to produce calico. During the 20th century Glossop began to diversify its industrial base, with cotton milling giving way to production of machine tools, metals, and rubber. The Glossop of today has also developed a significant tourist industry, providing services for tourists visiting the nearby Peak District National Park. Glossop is easily reached by rail from Manchester, with regular train service from Manchester to Glossop. Manchester has an international airport, and has good air links to the rest of the United Kingdom and the major cities of Europe. Glossop stages a number of festivals each year, including the Glossop Victorian Weekend and the Glossop Beer Festival. Glossop has a number of hotel choices, ranging from cheap hotel options and bed & breakfasts to more upscale choices. The Windy Harbour Farm hotel is a good budget choice, located at the entrance to the Peak District and blessed with panoramic views of Derbyshire. The WInd in the Willows Hotel is a more upmarket option; its early Victorian country house design includes oak-panelled rooms and traditional furnishings. There are a number of travel portals that list hotels online that allow the user to compare hotels prior to deciding whether to book hotels or not.